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Having discovered three sets of human remains in the garden, a decision was made to thoroughly search the entire property. Rose was placed into a safe house in the nearby town of Dursley as police commenced their search inside 25 Cromwell Street. Informed of this fact, and with the formal interviews conducted by the investigative team lasting up to 16 hours each day and including persistent questioning as to the whereabouts of his first wife and stepdaughter,  Fred authorised his solicitor to pass a note he had written to the leader of the murder investigation: Superintendent John Bennett of the Gloucestershire Police.
Questioned further as to his claims, Fred calmly explained there were a further five bodies buried in his cellar, and a sixth body beneath the ground-floor bathroom. Most of these victims, Fred claimed, had been hitchhikers or girls he had murdered in the s after picking them up at bus stops. Initially, Fred claimed these six victims had been killed when they had threatened to inform Rose of his infidelity with women, and that he had transported their bodies to Cromwell Street to abuse, dismember, and then bury in shallow graves.
The dismemberment, Fred claimed, had made it easier to bury the remains in shallow, cubical graves, and he agreed to return to Cromwell Street to indicate precisely where he had buried each victim. Between 5 and 8 March, police found six further bodies of young females at 25 Cromwell Street. Each victim had been extensively mutilated, and each body bore evidence of having been subjected to extreme sexual abuse prior to the act of murder. For example, the third set of remains discovered in the cellar was found with a length of cloth wrapped around the skull, and an oval of adhesive tape 16 inches in circumference found with the remains had likely been used to gag this victim, whose ankles and wrists were also bound with a large section of rope.
The second set of remains was found with a section of tubing twisted into a U-shape alongside her severed limbs, and her skull was found encased in adhesive tape which had been wrapped around the section where her face had been 11 or 12 times, with a narrow plastic tube inserted where the nasal cavities had been in an effort to allow her to breathe prior to her murder. Despite Fred's insistence that his wife held no knowledge of any of the murders,  investigators suspected otherwise.
Rose was arrested on 20 April , initially on offences relating to the rape of an year-old girl, and the physical assault of an eight-year-old boy—both charges dating from the mids. The following day, she was refused bail, and transferred to Pucklechurch Prison to be held in the maximum security wing.
Here, she was questioned more closely about the murders, in particular those of her daughter and Lynda Gough, and on 25 April she was formally charged with Gough's murder.
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By 6 May, Fred and Rose were jointly charged with five counts of murder, with Rose simply replying, "I'm innocent" upon hearing each formal charge. This proved to be a continuous trait throughout each of the 46 interviews investigators held with Rose prior to her trial. As well as the murders of the victims exhumed from Cromwell Street, Fred had confessed to the murders of his first wife and stepdaughter, and to knowing the location of Anne McFall's remains although he always denied killing her.
Fred agreed to identify each burial location, and the remains were unearthed between 10 April and 7 June. Fred and Rose West were brought before a magistrates' court in Gloucester on 30 June ; he was charged with 11 murders and she with nine. Prior to hearing the formal charges against them, Fred leaned toward his wife and gently placed his hand upon her shoulder; in response, Rose—having ignored her husband's presence—visibly winced in discomfort. As police attempted to lead Fred from the hearing, he resisted their efforts, and again attempted to move towards Rose, who again winced and attempted to writhe away from his grasp.
Immediately after this court appearance, Fred was re-arrested on suspicion of murdering Anne McFall, whose body had been found on 7 June but had not been officially identified until this date; he was formally charged with McFall's murder on 3 July, appearing in court the following morning. As he was held on remand at Winson Green Prison in the months following his arrest, Fred became increasingly depressed. This became worse after Rose's public rejection of him at Gloucester Magistrates Court on 30 June, her refusal to reply to letters he sent her, and reports leaked to the press in which she Rose had assumed the role of a grieving mother who had lost a daughter and stepdaughter to her husband and in which she declared both her innocence of murder, and her hatred of him.
Fred pleaded with Stephen and Anna Marie the only children to visit their father while on remand to convey to Rose that he loved her, but Rose never acknowledged these overtures. In response, Fred withdrew his earlier confessions to having acted alone in the murders, and instead accused his wife of almost total culpability in all the murders to which he had been charged, excluding that of Anne McFall, which he claimed had been committed by his first wife. Well Rose it's your birthday on 29 November and you will be 41 and still beautiful and still lovely and I love you.
We will always be in love. The most wonderful thing in my life was when I met you.
Gloucester | Gloucestershire Crime History
Our love is special to us. So, love, keep your promises to me. You know what they are. Where we are put together for ever and ever is up to you. We loved Heather, both of us. I would love Charmaine to be with Heather and Rena. The initially strict suicide watch having been relaxed,  on 1 January Fred West asphyxiated himself  in his cell by wrapping an improvised rope he had constructed from a blanket and tags he had stolen from prison laundry bags  around his neck, then binding this device to a door handle and window catchment, and sinking to his knees.
At the bottom of the suicide note found in his cell was a drawing of a gravestone, within which was written: Rest in peace where no shadow falls. In perfect peace he waits for Rose, his wife. At pretrial proceedings in February, Rose pleaded not guilty to ten charges of murder the murder of Charmaine West having been added to the original nine after Fred's suicide, and two counts of rape and indecent assault of young girls having been dropped with a view for later resubmission , though her counsel conceded that circumstantial evidence indicated Rose's willingness to subject young girls to sadistic physical and sexual abuse.
An important early decision by the judge was to admit testimony related to the sexual mistreatment of three women by Fred and Rose, accepting the prosecution's argument that it established a pattern of behaviour repeated in the murders. In his opening statement , prosecutor Brian Leveson portrayed Fred and Rose as sex-obsessed sadistic murderers, terming the bodies discovered at Cromwell Street and Midland Road "secrets more terrible than words can express Prosecution witnesses included Cromwell Street lodgers; victims' relatives; Rose's mother Daisy and sister Glenys; and surviving victims including Anna Marie West, Kathryn Halliday a former lover of Fred and Rose , Caroline Owens, and a "Miss A" who had been sexually assaulted at 14 by Fred and Rose in , and who described Rose as the more aggressive perpetrator of the two.
Rosemary's counsel, Richard Ferguson , tried to discredit prosecution witnesses as either having financially exploited their connection to the case, or motivated by grudges. I feel like it was my fault. Ferguson emphasised that Fred, before meeting Rose, had committed at least one murder strikingly similar to those at issue in the present trial, and that the prosecution's case was largely circumstantial. He contended that Rose was unaware of the extent of Fred's sadism, and urged the jury to not be prejudiced by her promiscuity and domineering manner.
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Against the advice of her counsel Rose herself testified; her affect sometimes morose and tearful, sometimes upbeat and humorous. She wept while describing herself as a victim of child abuse and rape who naively married a violent and domineering man, but joked about issues such as her "always being pregnant",  and laughed while describing one victim's "grandfather glasses". When shown photographs of the victims buried in the cellar and victim Alison Chambers and asked by Brian Leveson whether she recognised any of their faces, Rose's face turned bright red, and she repeatedly stuttered as she replied, "No, sir.
When questioned as to life at Cromwell Street, Rose claimed she and Fred had lived separate lives, which was inconsistent with the earlier testimony of witnesses who had visited or lodged at their address. Despite these allegations, Rose stated she had loved her daughter, and held no knowledge of her murder.
Further questioned as to the contradictory explanations she and Fred had given as to Heather's disappearance, Rose claimed these discrepancies had stemmed from telephone conversations she had had with Heather after she had left home. The defence next called a succession of women who claimed to have been attacked or assaulted by a lone male whose physical description matched that of Fred West between and These seven women each testified they had recognised their attacker as Fred West when his photograph appeared in the media in The intention of this testimony was to illustrate to the jury that Fred was capable of abducting, assaulting or attempting to attack women without Rose, which the prosecution had never disputed.
The physical recollections of several of these women varied greatly. The final witness to testify at Rose's trial was Fred's appointed appropriate adult, Janet Leach, whom the prosecution had called to testify on 7 November in rebuttal to the tape recordings of Fred's confession which had been played to the court on 3 November and in which he had stressed Rose had "known nothing at all" about any of the murders.
He had further divulged that Rose had indeed murdered Charmaine while he had been incarcerated, and had also murdered Shirley Robinson. Fred had also confided that he had dismembered the victims, and Rose had participated in the mutilation and dismemberment of Shirley Robinson, having personally removed Robinson's unborn child from her womb after her death. In reference to the remaining eight murders for which Rose was charged, Leach testified that Fred had confided Rose had "played a major part" in these murders.
While delivering this testimony, Leach collapsed, and the trial was adjourned for six days. She returned to complete her cross examination on 13 November. After seven weeks of evidence the judge instructed the jury, emphasising that circumstantial evidence can be sufficient for a finding of guilt, and that if two people take part in a murder, the law considers them equally guilty regardless of which of them did the deed.
Fred and Rose West are known to have committed at least 12 murders between and ; many of those connected to the case believe there are several other victims whose bodies have never been found.
Prior to his suicide, police had recorded over hours of tape-recorded interviews with Fred, both when he had claimed to have acted alone in the commission of the murders, and when he had attempted to portray Rose as being the more culpable participant. On several occasions, Fred made cryptic hints he had claimed several other victims, but refused to divulge any further information beyond that he had murdered year-old Mary Bastholm in and buried the body on farmland near Bishop's Cleeve.
He also claimed to have killed one victim while working on a construction project in Birmingham, and that other bodies had been buried in Scotland and Herefordshire. Stephen West, recounting an admission made while his father was on remand at Winson Green Prison , To his appropriate adult, Fred claimed there were up to 20 further victims he and his wife had killed, "not in one place but spread around",  and he intended to reveal the location of one body per year to investigators.
While on remand, Fred made several admissions as to the fate of the victims buried at Cromwell Street to his son Stephen. Much of this information was disjointed or told in a third party manner; Fred claimed that he had extensively tortured the victims prior to their murder, but had not raped them, instead engaging in acts of necrophilia with their bodies at or shortly after the point of death.
Furthermore, the locations of almost all the burial sites of victims—both discovered and undiscovered—was symbolic to Fred, as each had been buried at or very close to the location he had lived in or worked at the time of the victim's murder. Police firmly believe the Wests were responsible for further unsolved murders and disappearances.
They believed they committed ten murders between and , at least seven of which were for sexual purposes. Following the rash of murders between and , Fred and Rose are not known to have committed any murders until They committed one further murder in , followed by an eight-year lull until they murdered their daughter in Police do not know of any further murders they committed before their arrest.
During formal questioning, Fred confessed to murdering up to 30 people, indicating up to 18 other undiscovered victims. Fred's remarkably relaxed, emotionally sterile attitude towards all aspects of his crimes startled many members of the enquiry team. This prompted Superintendent John Bennett to seek the assistance of a criminal psychologist for an expert opinion on Fred's state of mind. Britton added that although an offender of this nature may come to offend less frequently, he would be unlikely to cease killing altogether.
One theory which may explain the sudden lull in the frequency of their murders is the fact that by the mids, the Wests had begun a practice of befriending teenage girls from nearby care homes, many of whom they sexually abused, with others encouraged to engage in prostitution within their home.
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Caroline Owens, Anna Marie West, and several other survivors of sexual assaults at the Wests' hands each testified at Rose's trial that she had been by far the more calculating, aggressive and controlling of the two. Owens stated that, at one stage in her ordeal, Fred said that they had abducted Owens primarily for Rose's gratification. Four young girls similar in age and physical characteristics to those Fred was later charged with murdering in Gloucestershire are known to have disappeared during the time Fred lived in Glasgow—one of whom, Margaret McAvoy, Fred had been acquainted with.
He had also rented a garden allotment adjacent to his house and which he frequently visited, although only a small section of this plot was ever cultivated. To one neighbour, Fred remarked that he used the remainder for "something special", about which he refused to elaborate. Much of the supposed cultivation of this allotment occurred in the early hours of the morning.
Police were unable to investigate whether any further bodies were buried at this location, as these allotments were built over in the s as a section of the M8 motorway. After the arrest of their parents, the four youngest West children born between and , were given new identities to protect them from the notoriety of their family. Each child remained in foster care. The following year, she was awarded an MBE. Fred's body was cremated in Coventry on 29 March This service was held with only four family members present. In a five-minute service, in which no hymns were sung, the Reverend Robert Simpson quoted sections of Psalm 23 , then added a solemn reminder to those present that they must "also remember everyone else who has also suffered because of these tragic events".
His ashes were scattered at the Welsh seaside resort of Barry Island , a location he had regularly visited as a child and as an adult with his family. The remains of Charmaine and Rena were cremated in Kettering. At the insistence of Anna Marie West, mother and daughter shared the same coffin, and no roses were to be brought to the service by any mourners. The body of the Wests' former friend and housemate, Terrence Crick, was found in his car in the Scarborough district of Hackness in January He was 48 years old.
Crick had become acquainted with Fred while he had lived at the Lake House Caravan Park in ; he had reported Fred to the authorities on several occasions  after having been shown surgical instruments Fred claimed to have used to perform illegal abortions, and Polaroid images of the subjects' genitals he claimed to have taken immediately after the procedures, before suggesting Crick assist him in recruiting pregnant girls to perform upon.
In March , Rose announced her intentions to appeal her sentence, contending extensive press coverage had rendered witness testimony unreliable, that no physical evidence existed to attest she had participated in any of the murders, that the final instructions delivered by the judge to the jury had been biased in favour of the prosecution, and that undue weight had been given to the similar fact evidence introduced at her trial. In July , then- Home Secretary Jack Straw subjected Rose to a whole life tariff , effectively denying her any possibility of parole.
She maintains her innocence in any of the murders. Fred's younger brother, John, hanged himself in the garage of his Gloucester home in November At the time of his suicide, he had been awaiting the jury verdict in his trial for the alleged multiple rapes of his niece, Anna Marie, and another young girl at Cromwell Street in the s. Rose justified her decision with the explanation: In , one of the Wests' youngest children, Barry, claimed to have witnessed the murder of his sister Heather. According to Barry who was seven at the time , Fred and Rose restrained, then sexually and physically abused Heather, before Rose had repeatedly stamped upon her head until she ceased to move.
The Wests' house in Cromwell Street was demolished in October , with every piece of debris destroyed to discourage potential souvenir hunters. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other people with the same name, see Frederick West. Much Marcle , Herefordshire , England. Winson Green Prison , Birmingham , England.
Any ordinary man would have given the child some ice cream, but instead he smashed her round the head with his hand He was a violent and sadistic bastard who enjoyed beating up women and kids. I mean Heather, I mean I thought the bloody world of Heather. So anyway I got to grips with it after a while, and the first thing that [came] into my mind was I'm gonna have to take this.. So anyway, I said.
She said that Heather was cut up. Well, I never felt so ill for a few seconds, a few minutes before I could get to grips with myself again, and I said: Her daughter, in a dustbin.
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You will always be Mrs. West, all over the world. That is important to me and to you. I haven't got you a present, but all I have is my life. I will give it to you, my darling. When you are ready, come to me. I will be waiting for you. Janet Leach appropriate adult List of murderers by number of victims List of prisoners with whole-life tariffs. England and Wales Birth Registration Index". Retrieved 18 November Archived from the original on 8 August Retrieved 3 July Retrieved 5 July Archived from the original on 29 August Retrieved 18 July Retrieved 13 July Retrieved 26 October Retrieved 12 April Secrets of the Grave".
Retrieved 17 November Retrieved 5 December Retrieved 18 December Retrieved 14 November She lives in Cornwall. Remember to clear the cache and close the browser window. The History Press Ltd: Includes the stories behind the murder and suicide of a brother and sister in ; the tragic death of year-old Mabel Price in ; the killing of Ada James in a fit of jealous rage by her fiance Ted Palmer in ; and the suspicious death of sexual deviant Cecil Cornock.
They were tried in Gloucester in April and sentenced to death for highway robbery. The Trouble House Inn, Tetbury via geograph. He was recognised as being the young man who had been in the bar with the woman on the day she died. He was arrested and was tried at Gloucester Assizes in April He was hanged on 15 April Their eighteen-year-old daughter Emily helped out in the bar.
A search party found her dead in a lane, in a pool of blood, with her throat slashed several times. Jones was tried at the Winter Assizes in Gloucester and hanged in January Bull Lane circa It appears in four books that I have on my shelves: The story goes that an elderly lady called Dame Eleanor Bunt variations give her name as Blunt, and say she was a Miss, not a Dame lived in Bull Lane, Gloucester, with a young servant girl named Mary Palmer, who came from Littledean in the Forest of Dean.
I was a little worried by the fact that when researching Hanged at Gloucester , I had already gone through all the hangings in the Gloucester area from onwards, and had not come across a Mary Palmer, but thought that even if the execution had not been reported, the murder surely had been. A thorough search revealed that there was no mention of a murder in Bull Lane. These revealed that a city prisoner was condemned at these Assizes.
His name was James Matthews, and he was hanged at the city gallows on 6 April He was the first person to be hanged within the city for 37 years. There was no mention of Mary Palmer. If he confessed anything before dying, it was not revealed in the Gloucester Journal at the time.
The other offender, named Thomas Cambray, was hanged and gibbeted at Cirencester, near the scene of his crime. He would not even confess to having committed the crime he was hanged for, let alone any earlier offences. No Mary Palmer was found. Recently, the story was mentioned on a Facebook page, and I had a look at the case again. Some old volumes have been put on the Google Books site, and luckily, Volume 36, for January to April , is available to read. Most importantly, he states that Bull Lane was formerly known as Bullace Street, but I have never heard of it being given this name — only Gore Lane.
The date of his trial is given as Friday, June 2, A look at the Old Bailey Online website reveals that no trials took place at all on that day. Metropolitan Magazine on https: Forest of Dean Family History Trust: Lists of executions on http: Gloucestershire Archives Genealogical Database via http: Gloucestershire Parish Records on http: Picture of Bull Lane with permission of http: He was held in police cells overnight, then the following morning was allowed out into the corridor to exercise.
Llewellyn was traced through Tredworth Road along by the cemetery, back over the Horton Road Railway to Wotton Hill, but then the trail ran cold. It later transpired that this was because he had boarded a tramcar, alighting at the Hucclecote terminus. The police had begun the pursuit on their bicycles, but had to discard them once the prisoner moved into open countryside, avoiding roads or tracks.
However, a Gloucester man was assisting in the hunt by searching for the missing man on his motorbike. He encountered Llewellyn at the top of Birdlip Hill. A tussle ensued, from which the escapee emerged triumphant, and he made off once again. Llewellyn was followed through some wooded land down to the bottom of Birdlip Hill. The farmer recognised the prisoner from his description, but did not challenge him. When PC Bull arrived, he found that Llewellyn had gone, having become suspicious. He arrested Llewellyn, who at The Gloucester Journal reported that a story had come out that while Llewellyn was passing through Brockworth, there had been a collision between two motor vehicles outside the Cross Hands Inn.
He had helped to take one of the cars to the village blacksmith to be repaired, before going into the inn. While he was there, a police constable came in to ask if anyone had seen the missing man, giving a description of him. Nobody in the bar could remember seeing the man, but after the policeman had left, it was noticed that Llewellyn did fit the description, so he quickly left. It was stated that the money Llewellyn used to buy his new cap and coat and presumably his tram ticket had been concealed under a bandage he had round a cut on his arm. It was also rumoured that shortly after his escape, the prisoner had gone into a public house on Bristol Road, where a police constable challenged him as answering the description of the wanted man.
The constable did so and of course found that the story was false, but on his return to the pub, the suspect was gone. The landlord became suspicious after Llewellyn left, and finding he had been duped, contacted the police. He was committed for trial at the next Assizes, but caused much amusement in court by saying that he might not appear.
The Autumn Assizes took place at the end of October The judge said that there was a list of twelve previous offences against him, the last at Cardiff in April No mention was made of his escape from custody in September. He had headed the Sunday Church Parade of the 2nd Fourth Welsh there, but the next day his bogus uniform had been detected and he was arrested. Alfred Llewellyn, aged 39, an engineer, pleaded guilty to three charges of obtaining food and money by false pretences.
Between January and January he had spent a total of eight years in prison. He was finally discharged from the army for misconduct on 14 August There is no record of him trying to escape. The photograph of Birdlip Hill came from www. Historical Mysteries and Odd tales from Herefordshire, Worcestershire and neighbouring counties.
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